The history of Hartford reveals that different tribes lived in and near Hartford. The different tribes who called Hartford home included the Algonquin tribe as well as the Podunks, the Poquonocks, the Massacoes, the Tunxis tribe in the south; and the Saukiog who lived inside the Hartford city boundaries.
Hartford has a very colorful history and is one of the oldest cities in America. It was founded in 1635 and is home to the the oldest continuously published newspapers, the Hartford Courant. Hartford also houses the oldest public art museum, the second-oldest secondary school and is home to the Mark Twain House. Hartford was where the world renown author wrote his great and famous works and of course, Hartford was where he raised his family as well. Mark Twain wrote about Hartford that “Of all the beautiful towns it has been my fortune to see this is the chief.”
Hartford, following the Civil War was the richest city in the United States and continued to be so for several decades.
With the victory of World War II, the demographics changed with many residents of Puerto Rico moving to Hartford. In the mid-late 50’s, the suburbs around Hartford began to grow becoming one of the main causes of Hartford’s sharp decline. The Insurance giant CIGNA move out of Hartford. Other companies followed and the once greatly promising department stores began to close and move into the many new suburban malls.
In 1997, despite an increase in season ticket sales and an offer from the state for a new arena, the Hartford Whalers moved to Raleigh, North Carolina and the city lost its professional hockey franchise.
Hartford became one of the most fiscally embattled cities in the nation. In the 1990’s the population shrank by 11 percent. Only Flint, Michigan, Gary, Indiana, St. Louis, Missouri, and Baltimore, Maryland experienced larger population losses during the decade. However, With the beginning of the 21st century the population once again began to increase.
Happily, today, the city is on the rise. Hartford’s economic production has greatly grown and occupies the rank as the 32nd U.S. city amongst metropolitan areas. Regarding per capita income Hartford is 8th amongst metropolitan areas.
Today Hartford is known as the “Insurance Capital of the World” hosting many insurance company headquarters which remains one of the State’s major industries. The city is the fourth-largest city in Connecticut. Bridgeport, New Haven, and Stamford being first, second and third respectively.